workshop on Fire Safety Courses

Date of Workshop: 
Saturday, 8 December 2018

The workshop was held with the scientific support of UNESCO Chair on Environmental Education on 8 December 2018, on the sidelines of the first International Exhibition on Waste Management, Recycling, and the Related Machinery and Equipment, held at Shahre-Aftab International Exhibition Center in Tehran. Theoretical part of the course included information on the definition of safety and its regulations, identification of hazards (physical-mechanical-chemical-electrical-nuclear), fire detection, types of fire-fighting equipment and machinery and how to use them, different types of fire extinguishing process, firefighting organization, firefighter duties and fire behavior in different situations.

This workshop was instructed by head of the HSEE working group of UNESCO Chair on Environmental Education and the training materials were presented in six sections as follows:

  • Introduction of the basic concepts of fire, including combustible materials and its types (solid, liquid and gas), the burning process, the role of oxygen and oxidants, combustion and triangle pyramid (the three elements a fire needs to ignite: heat, fuel and an oxidizing agent), and the fourfold pyramid of fire
  • Fire behavior and conditions, including: heat, energy types, chemical chain reactions, combustion chemistry, combustion products and modes of heat transfer
  • The ignition characteristics of liquid, gaseous and solid fuels, flammability and BLEVE phenomenon (a combination of fire and explosion)
  • Firefighting safety tips, five classes of fire: A-B-C-D-K
  • Fire steps (incipient, growth, fully developed and decay)
  • Fire in apartment, the effects of room contents on fire development, fire structure (Backdraft, Flashover & Rollover), thermal equilibrium and thermal stratification